Pier is a vertical load bearing structural component similar to a column except that it is bonded into load bearing wall at the sides to form an integral part of the wall and extends to full height of the wall. Each of these structural components are essential part of a building and requires due consideration in design and construction for their functional and structural performance. Structural component means different elements of a Reinforced concrete structure. Painting walls 4. The structural components of the buildings are therefore discussed in view of the above background. Flooring can be done by a variety of materials like tiles, granites, marbles, concrete, etc. The space occupied by a stair is called as the stairway. Double Flight Staircase!!! Beams and slabs form the horizontal members in a building. Windows sills are usually weathered and throated to throw the rain water off the face of the wall. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. (i) Providing suitable slopes on the roof top for draining of rain water. The portion of the structure between the surface of the surrounding ground and surface of the floor, immediately above the ground known as a plinth. In case of flat roofs, the roof covering is termed as terracing, which could comprise of a layer of varying thickness of material like lime, concrete, mud phuska etc. Floors: Floors are the important component of a building. In view of the above the walls, columns etc., are structural components of the building. The level of the surrounding ground is known as formation level or simply ground level and the level of the ground floor of the building is known as a plinth level. The costs required for the structural components of a building need to be estimated by considering the earthquake potential [41–43]. Basic Components of a Building. sheets, etc. It acts as a safety wall for people using the roof. The role of each structural component is … Pre-Engineered Metal Building Structural Components Foundation & Floor Line . Single Flight Staircase vs. Within the context of the built environment, the term ‘structure’ refers to anything that is constructed or built from different interrelated parts with a fixed location on the ground. Super Structure: The part of building that is above ground level. A building element is any structural or non-structural component or assembly, incorporated into or associated with the operation of a building. He is the core member of Editorial team at GharPedia. The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc. Foundation. Sink and toilet facilities, sprinkler systems, fire escapes, elevators and escalators do not qualify. It can be made from stones, bricks, concrete blocks, etc. Shear Walls provide great stiffness to building in the direction of their orientation, which reduces lateral sway of the building and thus reduces damage to structure during earthquake or cyclone. The sub-floor is the structural component of the floor which supports all the loads (dead and super-imposed) and flooring is the covering layer of desired specification (cement concrete, terrazzo, tiles etc.) What are the Different Types of Raft Foundation? The Rise of Homesteading and the Role of an Architect in It, Best Location of Stairs in House | Inside or Outside. The building units are bonded together with mortar in horizontal and vertical joints and construction is termed as masonry. Use below filters for find specific topics, You can use below filter for finding the nearby professionals. Living Room & Its Furniture For Your Home! Basic Components of a Building 1. There are two basic components of a building. 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