Drop them into a bucket of soapy water to kill them and ensure they will not return to infest your kale. (You can crush them or drown them in a jar full of soapy water.) Homemade insect sprays keep pests under control by coating visible bugs and vulnerable kale foliage with slippery soaps and pungent spices. I found this aphid killing solution at this website: Sprays for Aphids. Cabbageworms are white butterflies with black spots that lay their larvae in kale leaves. Weeds harbor pests, so keep your kale garden weed-free to help prevent infestations. The best technique is to make a little hollow in the soil big enough for the container to fit in so the lip is at ground level when the vessel is inserted in it. Hand pick beetles and caterpillars off kale leaves as needed. If slugs and snails are destroying your vegetable garden, cedar wood and pine oils can help fight both these vegetable garden pests. If there are only a few worms, simply pick them off the plant, and squish them. Create a longer-lasting repellent by adding a few tablespoons of garlic, onion powder, red pepper or hot sauce to the soapy water before spraying it on th… Caraway, fennel and spearmint draw in minute pirate bugs and damsel bugs which also feed on other insects. A cool-season vegetable, kale does best when planted in the early spring or late fall as it tends to bolt in hot weather. Bad News Butterflies. Also known as lygus bugs, these are tiny 0.25” bugs that start out as nymphs. Trapping. 5. Kale can keep a really long time in your fridge, but you worked so hard for it - you should enjoy it soon. With gloved hands, pick them off at least once a week. The surfactants in the detergent clog the insects’ breathing apparatus and smother them. “So we don’t plant those leafy vegetables when the … They are natural predators of many aphids that prey on kale and other cole crops, and they will not harm the kale. of liquid detergent into 1 gallon of water and apply the solution to any affected plants. Soapy water. Classic methods such as putting cups of beer or milk in your garden are surprisingly effective. To make a basic bug spray, simply stir 2 tbsp. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Spritz the kale leaves with the soapy water. Use a magnifying glass or hand lens to check for whitefly eggs, nymphs, or adults. Spray kale with an organic insecticide in the event of heavy infestations. When bringing new plants home, check to ensure they are free of both whiteflies and viruses. Well-chosen companion plants can ward off unwanted pests all season long. Fall cleanup, including disposal of plant debris and turning the soil to expose insects goes a long way toward preventing problems in the spring.. Kale Plant Protection While kale is a relatively low-maintenance crop that draws few serious pests, from time to time insects may invade a particularly lush plot. How do you thoroughly clean your kale? Create a longer-lasting repellent by adding a few tablespoons of garlic, onion powder, red pepper or hot sauce to the soapy water before spraying it on the plants. She recommends setting the bugs you pick off to the side, for the birds to get to. Alternatively, flowers such as marigolds can lure beneficial insects into the garden to prey on harmful bugs, reducing the need for chemical pesticides. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! For a more thorough elimination, mix 1 tablespoon dish soap with 1 cup vegetable oil, and 1 cup water. After spraying the solution on the kale plants and leaving it for 4-6 hours, I rechecked the plants. Kale (Brassica oleracea) is a type of ornamental cabbage that is hardy in all U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones. I don’t even fancy kale as much as you health nuts out there, but for some reason I’m growing a lot of it. Sent by Erin Editor: Readers, how do you make sure your kale is clean? -Jim L. ANSWER: Cabbage plants are enticing to a vast array of bugs and pests that can harm the plant significantly if left untreated. A useful method for keeping garden pests off your vegetables is to put a barrier between the pest and your plants. If you seal your row covers completely immediately after transplanting your kale, they can keep flea beetles away. Row covers work great to protect your crops from a wide variety of pests, including: cabbageworms, flea beetles, squash bugs, potato beetles, root … of liquid detergent into 1 gallon of water and apply the solution to any affected plants. Mix water and a few drops of nontoxic dish detergent and put it into a spray bottle. The surfactants in the detergent clog the insects’ breathing apparatus and smother them. Insects are interdependent, so if one type is encouraged by weeds or other foods they may like, the ones who prefer leafy greens may move in too. ; 2005. Kathryn Jones is a versatile style writer and passionate gardener with nearly 15 years’ experience in both fields. Kale plant protection for next year’s crop begins after the fall harvest. Spray the entire cabbage plant, including the underside of leaves. Leafminers are tiny black flies with yellow spots that often chew holes in cole crop leaves. At that point, if necessary, he sprays it with a pesticide, specifically an insecticidal soap. These plants have hardy leaves that will stand up to water spraying once per day. Pyrethrum spray. Sneaky cabbage worms will also lay along the center vein of a kale leaf, blending in and perfectly disguised. Spraying your plants with a jet of water might be enough to knock the caterpillars off too. Choosing to use homemade pest control means fewer bugs and fewer toxic chemicals in the garden. Natural Remedies for Bugs on Cabbage Plants, University of Connecticut Integrated Pest Management: Cole Crop Worms (Caterpillar Pests), Black Caterpillars With Yellow Stripes That Eat Broccoli Leaves. Neem oil spray. In North America, harlequin bugs wait until the weather warms in … Use the organic bug spray recipe ALL OVER your susceptible crops – I used it all over my broccoli, Alternatively, flowers such as marigolds can lure beneficial insects into the garden to prey on harmful bugs, reducing the need for chemical pesticides. The aphids were all shriveled up and could be cleaned off with a sprayer on a garden hose. Garlic. Release ladybugs onto your kale plants. How do I keep bugs from eating my cabbage plants? Alcohol spray. This farmer says he only removes his row cover once the plant, say broccoli or cauliflower, has started forming a head. You can save your seedlings by delaying planting or transplanting your kale for about two weeks after temperatures warm to that point. They can serve many purposes, but one is to keep bugs off crops. Spritz the kale leaves with the soapy water. When in the garden, inspect the undersides of leaves for whiteflies. This rasp makes the hole in your cabbage leaves wide next to the slug, and the hole narrows as it moves away from the slugs. Homemade insect sprays keep pests under control by coating visible bugs and vulnerable kale foliage with slippery soaps and pungent spices. The mixture will repel the worms from the plant. Slugs and caterpillarsboth eat cabbages, and the key to protecting cabbages is determining which pest is destroying your crop. Her work has also appeared in the "Journal of Comparative Parasitology," "The Monterey County Herald" and "The Richmond Daily News." Many insects that damage kale, spread diseases overwinter in plant debris left in the garden at the end of the season. Q: Sometimes when I buy organic or local kale, there are little insects and debris lodged in the fronds, and it takes some effort to make sure it’s all clean. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. This coats the leaves with a bitter residue that repels bugs, while also suffocating any existing pests. This preference for cold weather helps keep kale pests to a minimum, although insects such as aphids, cabbage loopers, leafhoppers and flea beetles can occasionally become a problem. Space the … Clear up any surrounding debris and keep your plants in check. Spray kale with strong jets of water from a garden hose to physically remove pests that may be on the leaves. Then toss them into a plastic bag to store and into your fridge. Pepper spray. If … Be sure to drain the leaves on a towel and pat dry or spin them in a salad spinner until all the water is off the leaves. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Capital District Community Gardens: Garden Pests and Diseases. In 2012, Parris was honored with awards from the Missouri Press Association for best feature story, best feature series and best humor series. This is especially useful in removing soft-bodied aphids, which commonly attack kale. How do I keep bugs off my kale? I don’t want to puncture the pure and easy-growing image that kale has. Make it a routine to check over your plants once or twice per week. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/naturally-kill-bugs-kale-79436.html ... “We have a real problem with flea beetles, which don’t really damage our kale, collards, and mustards, but they leave these shotgun holes that make the plants look undesirable,” he says. They’ll eat up your chard until they turn into adults. To make a basic bug spray, simply stir 2 tbsp. Heavy infestations are identified when 10 percent or more of the kale is wilting or showing signs of pest distress such as holes in the leaves. The spicy flavor and strong scent will keep many unwanted pests at bay. This common vegetable is referred to as a cole crop because it is a member of the mustard family, and it is susceptible to infestations of insects and worms that commonly attack cole crop vegetables. While sprays are convenient, inexpensive and simple to make, they must be reapplied regularly to be fully effective. The same pests that like cabbage and kale will also flock to collards if given the chance. Slugs eat leaves using a raspy tongue with tough spots that rub against the leaves. Unlike other cabbage family relatives, such as kale, collards can handle a bit of heat, making them a preferred crop for gardeners in warmer areas. Homemade insect sprays keep pests under control by coating visible bugs and vulnerable kale foliage with slippery soaps and pungent spices. Lisa Parris is a writer and former features editor of "The Caldwell County News." As best as possible, leave any crop debris from non-diseased plants on your soil surface or near your garden beds since there are likely predatory insect eggs (and yes, pest eggs too) on the debris – this also helps feed your soil as the old roots are decomposed by microorganisms. Mix water and a few drops of nontoxic dish detergent and put it into a spray bottle. Highly aromatic herbs such as lavender or basil grow well when planted next to kale. These pests are known to chew holes through kale leaves, but they can be killed through natural and nontoxic means. Beer. Prevention is always the fist line of defense when it comes to any garden pests. Plant kale in a well-drained bed that receives about six hours of direct daily sunlight. Fill with beer or milk and let it … This tasty salad green can even survive light snows, allowing gardeners as far north as USDA Hardiness Zone 5 to harvest fresh vegetables all winter long. Keep weeds away from your plants to reduce habitat for insects. Fortunately, there are several easy home remedies that effectively remove insect pests while posing no threat to children, pets or plants. Everyone loves butterflies, but there is one butterfly that I bet you don’t love, especially if you are trying to grow broccoli, kale, cabbage, or any other cole crop: the White Cabbage Butterfly (Pieris rapae), also known as the Imported White Cabbage Moth.. I keep noticing holes in the outer leaves. Identifying the culprit is the first step in eliminating the pest and protecting your crops. Bug Off! So much so that it’s contagious. Mix 5 tablespoons of dish soap with 4 cups of water in a bottle and spray plants with the solution. Fresh, young kale leaves can also be protected from pests with physical barriers such as floating row covers or mesh netting. They’re green and often have markings on their back that are lighter in color. "Extraordinary Uses for Ordinary Things"; Marylin Bader, et al. keeping the bugs away, naturally With all this rain we’ve been having over the last fortnight I’ve barely even looked at our garden. Young kale seedlings are especially susceptible to beetle and caterpillar attacks. Everyone wants to grow kale. Rosemary oil can help protect your vegetable garden from fleas, flies, mosquitoes and more importantly insect larvae such as the cabbage looper caterpillar. When these lightweight, translucent fabrics are draped over the plants, they shield the foliage from the outside world. Believe me, I tried everything to get those things off – vinegar, warm water, hot water, boiling water – but they were so thick there was no way to get them out of all the crevices in the heads. Clove oil helps keep numerous flying insects at bay. Tarnished plant bug. I was pleasantly surprised by the results. When you’re out on the hunt, keep in mind that cabbage worms are most often found on the underside of leaves, or tucked in the new growth at the plant’s center. I actually don’t want to do this. Release parasitic wasps into your garden to kill cabbageworms and leafminers. Flea beetles begin to leave their winter habitat when the temperature reaches 50°F (10°C). Kale is a cold-hardy, leafy green well-suited to life in cooler climates. Hand-picking the worms off will slow an infestation (but if your infestation is anything like the one I had on my kale last season, you will never win). Kale is a cold-hardy, leafy green well-suited to life in cooler climates. She enjoys sharing best practices on a host of gardening topics, including container gardening, organic gardening, water gardening, composting and gluten-free recipes from the garden. Harlequin Bugs. If the idea of handpicking caterpillars off of your kale plants makes you squeamish, you can also control the pests by spraying your plants with Bt. Use physical barriers. While sprays are convenient, inexpensive and simple to make, they must be reapplied regularly to be fully effective. Keep Pests Away With Organic Strategies. The next year I grew them under a light, floating row cover (sometimes called Remay, garden fabric, or frost blanket) to try and keep the bugs out so we could at least harvest some of the heads. All Rights Reserved. Herbal water spray. Not only does their color and texture contrast nicely with the leafy greens, their fragrant foliage is naturally repellent to many pests. QUESTION: I have a few cabbage plants in my garden. The material allows the kale to receive both sunlight and water, but the fabric blocks access to the leaves. As the kid of a good dutch mother, I was forced to eat plain steamed kale quite often. Ladybugs, for example, are attracted to dill. 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