Now there are about 3,000 otters in California and sea otters are protected as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Following the banning of fur trade, giant otter numbers have recovered across South America. This species of sea otter is actually native to the Eurasia. It sometimes is considered a subspecies of Lontra canadensis.The southern river otter is listed as endangered, due to illegal hunting, water pollution, and habitat loss The giant otter is rated ‘Endangered’ by the IUCN. The Smooth-coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) is the largest otter in Southeast Asia, and is named after its velvety smooth coat. The European otter is classed as "vulnerable to extinction". Discover more fascinating facts about giant otters in our fact file by the International Otter Survival Fund. The otters form the subfamily Lutrinae within the mustelids and the giant otter is the only member of the genus Pteronura.Two subspecies are currently recognized by the canonical Mammal Species of the World, P. b. brasiliensis and P. b. paraguensis.Incorrect descriptions of the species have led to multiple synonyms (the latter subspecies is often P. b. paranensis in the literature). The European otter has been here for millions of years; it is a member of the Mustelid family, which also includes the badger, mink, weasels, stoats, martens and polecats, and is the only truly semi-aquatic member of the weasel family. In addition, otters were caught, because they considered them competitors in fishing and shellfish production. Sea otters are carnivores in the family Mustelidae—a group of animals that also includes terrestrial and semi-aquatic forms such as weasels, badgers, skunks, fishers, minks, and river otters.Sea otters are the only fully aquatic form of otters, but they share features with the others such as thick fur and short ears. Appearance: Sea otters are the smallest marine mammal in North America, but one of the largest members of the weasel family. He explains, 'We often find otters in old industrial parts of towns. The Giant River Otter is classified as “Endangered” in the IUCN Red List (2008) and has been included in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species since 1973. Current estimates place the population between 1,000 and 5,000, placing it among the endangered otter species. ScienceDaily. Then there are the huge forest fires in Sumatra and Malaysia, caused by clear felling for palm oil plantations. As top predators, sea otters are critical to maintaining the balance of nearshore ecosystems, such as kelp forests, embayments and estuaries. Find out why the world’s largest otter has become endangered. However, there are several emerging threats to this sensitive species. There were about 474 stranded otters in 2016. Sea otters are commonly spotted on WWF’s Alaska tours. Such areas can be made more attractive to otters by establishing “otter havens,” where river banks are planted-up and kept free from human disturbance. 9. In previous assessments, they were listed as Vulnerable (1982-1996) and then Endangered (2000 onwards). If the otter is caught at a young age, it is easy to tame and teach to fish and bring it to the owner. Hunting otters for pelts is now illegal, but laws against poaching are difficult to enforce in the areas where they live. The sea otter, one of the 13 otter species, is considered the smallest marine mammal in the world. The sea otter can live its entire life without leaving the water. Thanks to the International Fur Seal Treaty of 1911, the Marine Mammal Protection Act and Endangered Species Act of the 1970s, California sea otters were able to make a partial comeback — about 3,000 live on the California coast today. Otter sightings have been reported in various parts of the country. Hairy-Nosed Otter. I'm meant to be doing a piece of Coursework on any Biological Issue (a problem) so i decided to do Conservation. And research on and monitoring of southern sea otters has dwindled. For example, the 18-year-old federal recovery plan for southern sea otters, mandated under the Endangered Species Act, requires extensive revision because much of the scientific data upon which it was based are no longer relevant. Status: Endangered The species is now legally protected, but the remaining population is highly fragmented across the range and most subpopulations are small. 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